Racial Equity
Share of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity

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Share of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20

What does this measure?

The number of workers who are professional, broken down by race/ethnicity expressed as a percentage of total workers. People with occupations traditionally considered "white collar" - including doctors, lawyers, scientists, programmers, managers and office workers - are considered professionals.

Why is this important?

Workers who are professional may have higher levels of education, increased income opportunities and more workplace autonomy in comparison to low- and middle-skill wage laborers. The share of workers who are professional can be taken as a partial indication for how many workers within a particular group are achieving some version of the "American Dream" of social mobility grounded in a skilled, stable career path. This reflects on how equitable the opportunity structure may be within a given community or region.

How is our region doing?

There were wide disparities by race and ethnicity in 2016-20. While nearly half (47%) of white workers were professionals, with Asian workers not far behind (44%), this share dipped to 37% for African American workers, and fell even more dramatically to 4.2% for Hispanic workers, less than one-tenth of the rates of white and Asian workers.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are many reasons why disparities may occur. In addition to the general effects of current and historical racial and ethnic discrimination, career and educational choices and pathways are influenced by family financial resources, personal social networks that connect to specific workplaces, and the availability of visible role models to let young people know that particular career paths are open and achievable to people like them. Language issues or immigration status may also be playing a role in the comparatively low rates for Hispanic workers.

Notes about the data

Multiyear data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample. The American Community Survey combines five years of responses to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the first quarter.

Share of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Massachusetts43.1%27.8%6.4%40.3%
Region43.8%37.3%4.2%47.5%
Middlesex47.3%31.9%5.6%47.6%
Norfolk43.8%37.3%4.2%47.5%
Worcester38.4%26.5%6.2%35.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




Number of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Massachusetts200,964143,809162,9712,123,706
Region36,41515,71211,858228,056
Middlesex69,26422,17024,880340,855
Norfolk36,41515,71211,858228,056
Worcester15,29011,08817,005242,853

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




INDICATORS
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Single-Parent Families
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Disengaged Youth
Reports of Domestic Violence
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments
Households Without Vehicles
Means of Transportation to Work
Households With Internet Access
Voter Participation Rate
Average Charitable Contribution
People Without Health Insurance
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate
Crimes Against People
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Total Population
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Foreign-Born Population
Language Diversity
Population by Age
Change in Population by Age/Gender
Seniors Living Alone
People with Disabilities
Change in Total Jobs by Sector
Unemployment Rate
Business Ownership by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Share of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity
Average Salary by Sector
High-Tech Jobs
Female to Male Earnings Ratio
Prekindergarten Participation
School Spending Per Student
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Group
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group
Chronically Absent Students
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Living Wage
80/20 Income Ratio
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rates
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Rent
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity
Homelessness
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Business Ownership by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Share of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Group
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity


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