Community Life
Means of Transportation to Work

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Means of Transportation to Work, 2014-18

What does this measure?

The type of transportation used on a daily basis by workers over the age of 16 who commute to work, expressed as a percentage of all workers who do not work at home.

Why is this important?

Patterns of transportation usage impact environmental and transportation planning. These patterns may also reflect issues of poverty, location of employment, the availability and quality of public transit, local land use and environmental policies, or lifestyle choices of residents.

How is our region doing?

The majority of commuters in MetroWest drove alone to work in 2014-18 (75%), followed by 11% who used public transportation, 8% who carpooled, and 7% who biked, walked, or used other means. The region was similar to Massachusetts as a whole. The U.S. had a smaller share of residents who used public transportation (5%) and a larger share who drove to work alone (80%). Since 2000, there has been a 3 percentage point decline in the share of commuters in the region driving alone to work.

In 2014-18, Middlesex and Norfolk had slightly smaller percentages of commuters who drove to work alone (both at 72%) than the region as a whole, while Worcester was higher, at 85%. Norfolk had the highest share of transit users (15%). Just 2% of Worcester County commuters used public transportation.

In Framingham, 79% of commuters were driving alone to work and 11% carpooling with just 4% using public transportation. In Natick, 81% drove alone, compared to 73% in Waltham.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.

Means of Transportation to Work, 2014-18
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
United States10%80%5%5%
Acton town, Middlesex County6%**85%8%2%****
Ashland town, Middlesex County6%**85%8%**1%******
Bedford town, Middlesex County8%****86%2%******3%****
Bellingham town, Norfolk County8%**86%2%****4%******
Boxborough town, Middlesex County6%****83%7%****4%******
Carlisle town, Middlesex County5%******90%4%******2%******
Concord town, Middlesex County5%****80%9%**6%****
Dedham town, Norfolk County8%**76%12%5%**
Dover town, Norfolk County8%****76%10%**5%******
Framingham city, Middlesex County11%79%4%**6%**
Franklin town, Norfolk County4%**86%6%3%**
Groton town, Middlesex County9%****85%4%****2%******
Harvard town, Worcester County4%******86%8%****3%******
Holliston town, Middlesex County7%**86%5%**2%******
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County6%**84%7%**3%******
Hudson town, Middlesex County9%**87%1%****2%******
Lexington town, Middlesex County6%**79%10%5%**
Lincoln town, Middlesex County7%******77%11%****5%******
Littleton town, Middlesex County4%****90%4%****1%******
Marlborough city, Middlesex County10%**84%2%****4%****
Maynard town, Middlesex County8%******88%3%******1%******
Medfield town, Norfolk County9%****78%11%**2%******
Medway town, Norfolk County4%****90%5%****2%******
Milford town, Worcester County8%**86%2%****4%****
Millis town, Norfolk County5%****87%4%****3%******
Natick town, Middlesex County6%**81%10%3%**
Needham town, Norfolk County6%**77%13%5%**
Sherborn town, Middlesex County4%******82%11%****3%******
Southborough town, Worcester County5%****86%5%**3%******
Stow town, Middlesex County6%******90%2%******1%******
Sudbury town, Middlesex County3%****91%5%**1%******
Walpole town, Norfolk County7%**79%11%**3%****
Waltham city, Middlesex County9%73%7%10%
Wayland town, Middlesex County7%**85%6%**3%****
Wellesley town, Norfolk County8%**65%12%14%
Westborough town, Worcester County9%**83%4%****4%****
Westford town, Middlesex County4%**92%3%****1%******
Weston town, Middlesex County4%****83%7%****6%****
Westwood town, Norfolk County6%****73%19%2%****

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percent of those who do not work at home. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of Workers by Means of Transportation, 2014-18
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
United States13,671,979115,095,7657,602,1456,778,222
Acton town, Middlesex County665**9,635872200****
Ashland town, Middlesex County555**8,084765**112******
Bedford town, Middlesex County506****5,533158******214****
Bellingham town, Norfolk County730**8,164233****367******
Boxborough town, Middlesex County174****2,447212****125******
Carlisle town, Middlesex County97******1,81771******40******
Concord town, Middlesex County325****5,634622**421****
Dedham town, Norfolk County966**9,5921,502620**
Dover town, Norfolk County202****1,822245**113******
Framingham city, Middlesex County3,99629,9101,664**2,383**
Franklin town, Norfolk County728**14,066998497**
Groton town, Middlesex County448****4,404229****110******
Harvard town, Worcester County82******1,964172****58******
Holliston town, Middlesex County510**6,259356**112******
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County481**6,790595**262******
Hudson town, Middlesex County897**9,034148****255******
Lexington town, Middlesex County924**11,3341,373793**
Lincoln town, Middlesex County195******2,034304****125******
Littleton town, Middlesex County201****4,242190****66******
Marlborough city, Middlesex County2,249**18,142421****811****
Maynard town, Middlesex County454******5,110158******53******
Medfield town, Norfolk County491****4,066554**129******
Medway town, Norfolk County294****6,244314****124******
Milford town, Worcester County1,234**12,704250****532****
Millis town, Norfolk County218****3,583173****129******
Natick town, Middlesex County1,166**14,6951,762560**
Needham town, Norfolk County816**10,3121,708618**
Sherborn town, Middlesex County74******1,629225****61******
Southborough town, Worcester County258****4,104252**143******
Stow town, Middlesex County206******3,08682******46******
Sudbury town, Middlesex County263****7,266376**93******
Walpole town, Norfolk County803**9,2551,327**369****
Waltham city, Middlesex County3,08524,6892,4973,417
Wayland town, Middlesex County435**5,153339**164****
Wellesley town, Norfolk County893**7,2211,3241,590
Westborough town, Worcester County820**7,294314****326****
Westford town, Middlesex County503**10,662338****134******
Weston town, Middlesex County182****3,435290****232****
Westwood town, Norfolk County420****4,9881,306131****

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Reports of Domestic Violence Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Average Charitable Contribution Not Applicable
Protected Land Not Applicable
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate Not Applicable
Crimes Against People Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
Seniors Living Alone Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
80/20 Income Ratio Not Applicable
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Not Applicable
Homelessness Not Applicable