Community Life
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity

Not Available


Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2015

What does this measure?

The number of people incarcerated in local jails by race/ethnicity, expressed as a rate per 10,000 residents of that race/ethnicity.

Why is this important?

Incarceration serves to remove offenders from a community, but also creates hardships on families, including the loss of an income or a caregiver, in addition to long-term effects on mental health for all involved. After incarceration, people often encounter challenges in obtaining meaningful employment, leading to reductions in long-term productivity, recidivism and widespread effects on a community's social, health and educational systems. Disparities in this rate by race or ethnicity can highlight structural differences in how communities are affected and treated by the public safety and criminal justice system.

How is our region doing?

In 2015, MetroWest had incarceration rates of 38 for every 10,000 Hispanic or Latino residents, 32 for black or African American residents, 25 for Native American residents, 10 for white residents, and 4 for Asian residents. In other words, the rate for Hispanic residents was 4 times higher than that of white residents, and among African Americans, the rate was 3 times higher than their white counterparts. Statewide incarceration rates were substantially higher for African Americans (55) and Hispanic residents (51), slightly higher among white residents (14), similar for Asian residents, and a bit lower for Native American residents (22).

While the region's incarceration rates have fluctuated year to year, the overall trend since 2000 is a decline in rates for African American, Hispanic and Native American residents, while the relatively low rates among white and Asian residents have remained flat.

Among the region's counties, Worcester had the highest incarceration rates for all racial and ethnic groups, but especially African American (57) and Hispanic (52) residents. Norfolk had the lowest rate for Hispanic residents (7), while Middlesex had the lowest for Black or African American residents (20).

Notes about the data

National data for subgroups is not available.

Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2015
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatinoNative AmericanWhite
Massachusetts4.054.551.121.513.5
Region3.732.237.824.69.6
Middlesex4.420.335.029.97.7
Norfolk1.533.16.513.710.6
Worcester4.957.152.423.912.1

Source: Vera Institute of Justice
Notes: Rates are per 10,000 residents




Number of Incarcerated People by Race/Ethnicity, 2015
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatinoNative AmericanWhite
Massachusetts1321,8942,625234,593
Region8238661591,531
Middlesex601212935625
Norfolk8110131374
Worcester141553093532

Source: Vera Institute of Justice
Notes: Figures are for the total jail population. The total jail population is the average daily population.




INDICATORS TREND
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Reports of Domestic Violence Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Average Charitable Contribution Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate Increasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
Seniors Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Change in Total Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Decreasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Decreasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
80/20 Income Ratio Maintaining
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership Increasing
Cost of Rent Not Applicable
Homelessness Increasing


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