Economy and Workforce
Female to Male Earnings Ratio


Female to Male Earnings Ratio

What does this measure?

The ratio of female to male median earnings, in 2018 dollars.

Why is this important?

The pay equity gap is hotly debated. While the data clearly shows that women generally earn less than men, there can be many factors contributing to this, including choices about when and how much to work, and what types of occupations men and women gravitate toward. This indicator looks broadly at what pay gap is between women and men overall.

How is our region doing?

In 2014-18, women in the MetroWest region earned a median income of $33,045, or 65 cents for every dollar earned by men (a female to male earnings ratio of 0.65). This ratio was up 12% from 58 cents in 2000. The ratio was slightly lower than for the nation (0.66).

Notes about the data

Multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in December.

Female to Male Earnings Ratio
United States0.580.650.66
Acton town, Middlesex County0.410.510.43
Ashland town, Middlesex County0.600.690.71
Bedford town, Middlesex County0.490.550.54
Bellingham town, Norfolk County0.550.660.64
Boxborough town, Middlesex County0.430.390.56
Carlisle town, Middlesex County0.350.390.35*
Concord town, Middlesex County0.440.390.51
Dedham town, Norfolk County0.640.720.69
Dover town, Norfolk County0.380.480.30*
Framingham city, Middlesex County0.610.610.66
Franklin town, Norfolk County0.530.55
Groton town, Middlesex County0.450.39*0.49*
Harvard town, Worcester County0.480.68*0.66
Holliston town, Middlesex County0.480.500.50
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County0.440.34*0.45*
Hudson town, Middlesex County0.540.650.60
Lexington town, Middlesex County0.430.390.43
Lincoln town, Middlesex County0.500.580.33
Littleton town, Middlesex County0.530.460.54*
Marlborough city, Middlesex County0.560.640.67
Maynard town, Middlesex County0.560.760.62
Medfield town, Norfolk County0.370.510.42
Medway town, Norfolk County0.480.650.60
Milford town, Worcester County0.580.600.59
Millis town, Norfolk County0.570.56*0.54
Natick town, Middlesex County0.560.630.56
Needham town, Norfolk County0.450.450.41
Sherborn town, Middlesex County0.350.45*0.20*
Southborough town, Worcester County0.400.490.54
Stow town, Middlesex County0.450.44*0.39*
Sudbury town, Middlesex County0.300.31*0.34
Walpole town, Norfolk County0.490.550.77
Waltham city, Middlesex County0.690.690.78
Wayland town, Middlesex County0.380.400.45
Wellesley town, Norfolk County0.240.180.23
Westborough town, Worcester County0.490.450.52
Westford town, Middlesex County0.400.400.46
Weston town, Middlesex County0.210.25*0.24*
Westwood town, Norfolk County0.510.560.49

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Median Earnings for Females
United States$16,327$22,941$24,208
Acton town, Middlesex County$39,859$41,071$40,130
Ashland town, Middlesex County$39,420$38,947$45,968
Bedford town, Middlesex County$40,426$38,148$46,211
Bellingham town, Norfolk County$32,241$32,711$35,870
Boxborough town, Middlesex County$42,467$42,132$41,197
Carlisle town, Middlesex County$47,793$50,580$42,879*
Concord town, Middlesex County$38,793$36,057$47,317
Dedham town, Norfolk County$35,505$38,417$39,660
Dover town, Norfolk County$50,294$53,525$46,250*
Framingham city, Middlesex County$31,334$25,952$29,166
Franklin town, Norfolk County$33,311$36,503
Groton town, Middlesex County$35,895$31,752*$33,750*
Harvard town, Worcester County$48,250$34,272*$40,787
Holliston town, Middlesex County$36,184$35,766$38,130
Hopkinton town, Middlesex County$39,832$33,633*$44,898*
Hudson town, Middlesex County$31,957$29,636$30,568
Lexington town, Middlesex County$42,953$40,276$45,444
Lincoln town, Middlesex County$38,754$48,579$31,486
Littleton town, Middlesex County$37,759$31,742$35,000*
Marlborough city, Middlesex County$32,339$29,465$29,940
Maynard town, Middlesex County$34,379$35,258$36,291
Medfield town, Norfolk County$37,414$40,719$41,461
Medway town, Norfolk County$34,255$38,228$41,984
Milford town, Worcester County$29,917$27,067$29,649
Millis town, Norfolk County$36,320$33,235*$34,272
Natick town, Middlesex County$39,033$40,977$41,542
Needham town, Norfolk County$41,378$39,373$39,324
Sherborn town, Middlesex County$43,333$44,864*$27,986*
Southborough town, Worcester County$38,833$45,482$41,766
Stow town, Middlesex County$41,182$36,517*$35,208*
Sudbury town, Middlesex County$39,622$35,878*$37,147
Walpole town, Norfolk County$33,117$32,894$43,457
Waltham city, Middlesex County$31,789$28,375$32,950
Wayland town, Middlesex County$39,300$41,474$47,355
Wellesley town, Norfolk County$27,569$20,120$23,950
Westborough town, Worcester County$36,881$33,783$36,641
Westford town, Middlesex County$37,151$35,915$39,161
Weston town, Middlesex County$32,125$35,121*$26,951*
Westwood town, Norfolk County$40,272$45,024$44,583

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2017 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Reports of Domestic Violence Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Average Charitable Contribution Not Applicable
Protected Land Not Applicable
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate Not Applicable
Crimes Against People Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
Seniors Living Alone Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Student Subgroup Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Education Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
80/20 Income Ratio Not Applicable
Access to Financial Services, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Not Applicable
Homelessness Not Applicable